National park Kornati and Nature park Telaščica
National park Kornati include a group of 141 islands and reefs. It has an exceptional natural and aesthetic value. This national park is an anthem to its nature and an ode to the people of this region who inhabitated this earthly paradise for centuries. Generations of farmers, herders and fishermen who put great effort into this land is now visible in dry stone walls, rare pieces of fertile land and modest stone dwellings. Due to its amazing surroundings, interesting geomorphology, delicate coastline and rich marine ecosystem, most of the Kornati islands were declared a national park in 1980. Famous Kornati 'crowns' (cliffs) facing an open sea, characterize most of the outer islands in seaward which makes them unique to this area. High cliffs are actually limestone and sedimentary rocks that show bizarre shapes formed by the atmosphere. Process of corrosion, erosion and abrasion gave an extra touch to this enormous surface that at some places cliffs descend vertically over 90 meters deep into the sea (island crowns are Piškera and Rašip). The highest crown in Kornati is at Klobučar island and it is 82 m above sea level while the longest one is at Mana island (1350 m).
Since the declaration in 1980, Kornati islands were a place of many scientific studies, especially those relating to the natural heritage. Those studies has brought to the light a number of information about the geological, meteorological, geographical, biological and various island characteristics'. So far, 537 plant species have been listed, also 226 species of algae, about 850 species of living sea organisms including 579 invertebrates', 160 species of fish, 1 turtle and 3 different mammals one of which - the monk seal probably lost forever.
Despite such high numbers, everyone can agree that Kornati are insufficiently explored. If the archipelago were explored, scientists believe that the number of living organisms in the sea would be between 2500 and 3000. In addition, the anthropological heritage of the island is poorly explored and identified.
National park Kornati has restaurants that provide basic services to visitors. Also, service monitoring is organized, control behaviour of visitors and information service. Visitors are allowed to explore natural beauties of the entire park except areas around Purare island and cliffs Mala Purara and Volić because those are the zones of special protection. Visitors must be aware of cultural heritage of national park and respect the fact that it is a private property.
There are eight marked and regulated hiking tracks that lead to vantage point. From there, the whole national park can be seen. Those marked and designed tracks are called Hiking path Kornati (Planinarski put Kornati). Find out more about national park at: www.np-kornati.hr
Nature Park Telašćica is nearby. Name itself probably comes from Latin 'tre lagus' which means three lakes. Lake Mir (Peace) is situated at southwest and lies in a narrow cut of land between Telašćica bay and the open sea. The outside of Telašćica bay is made of vertical cliffs and it is the most outstanding cliff of the Adriatic coast. Cliff stretches from cape Mrzlovic to southwest all the way to Veli vrh slope at the southeast reaching 161 m high Grpašćak. Deepest depth is 85m. This area has extraordinary vegetation and it is rich in flora and fauna. Sea is populated with different corals including endangered red corals. Dolphins can be watched from the rocks. Find out more about Nature Park at: www.telascica.hr